Hinglaj Mata, also known as Hinglaj Devi, Hingula Devi and Nani Mandir, is a Hindu temple in
JHUPA SAMDARI BADMER RAJASTHAN,
It is one of the Shakti Peethas of the goddess Sati. It is a form of Durga or Devi .
Hinglaj Mata is said to be very powerful deity who bestows good to all her devotees. While Hinglaj is her main temple, temples dedicated to her exist in neighbouring Indian states Gujarat and Rajasthan. The shrine is known as Hingula, Hingalaja, Hinglaja, and Hingulata in Hindu scriptures, particularly in Sanskrit.
The goddess is known as Hinglaj Mata (The Mother of Hinglaj), Hinglaj Devi (the Goddess of Hinglaj), Hingula Devi (the red goddess or the Goddess of Hingula). and Kottari or Kotavi ("nude woman" in Sanskrit).The
chief legend of Hinglaj Mata, relates to the creation of the Shakti Peethas. The
daughter of Prajapati Daksha, Sati was married to the god Shiva against his
wishes. Daksha organized a great yajna, but did not invite Sati and Shiva.
Uninvited, Sati reached the yajna-site, where Daksha ignored Sati and vilified
Shiva. Unable to withstand this insult, Sati jumped into the sacrificial fire
and committed suicide. Sati died, but her corpse did not burn. Shiva (as
Virabhadra) slew Daksha for being responsible for Sati's death and forgave him,
resurrecting him. The wild, grief-stricken Shiva wandered the universe with
Sati's corpse. Finally, the god Vishnu dismembered the body of Sati into 52
parts, each of which became Shakti Peetha, temple to a form of the Goddess.
Shiva is also worshipped at each Shakti Pitha in the form of Bhairava, the male
counterpart or guardian of the presiding goddess of the Pitha. The head of
Sati is believed to have fallen at Hinglaj
The Kularnava Tantra mentions 18 Pithas and mentions Hingula as the third one. In the Kubjika Tantra, Hingula is listed among the 42 Shakta or Siddha Pithas in which Hinglaj is at the fifth place. The Pithanirnaya or Mahapithanirupana section from the Tantrachudamani originally listed 43 names, but names were added over time making it 51 Pithas. It details the Pitha-devata or Devi (name of goddess at the Pitha), the Kshastradishas (Bhairava) and the anga-pratyanga (limbs including ornaments of Sati). Hingula or Hingulata is the first in list, with the anga-pratyanga being Brahmarandhra (a suture in the crown of the head). The Devi is known by several names such as Kottari, Kottavi, Kottarisha, and the Bhairava is Bhimalochana. In the Shivasharitha, Hingula is again the first in a list of 55 Pithas. Brahmarandhra is the anga-pratyanga, the goddess is called Kottari and the Bhairava is Bhimalochana. In the non-scripture 16th century Bengali work Chandimangal, Mukundaram lists nine Pithas in the Daksha-yajna-bhanga section. Hinglaja is the last Pitha described to be the place where Sati's navel fell.
Another legend narrates that Hingol and Sundar, sons of Vichitra who lived in the Treta yuga (second of 4 Hindu eons), tormented the people. To free the people from their tyrant, the god Ganesha slew Sundar. Then, the people prayed to Devi (the Hindu Goddess) to kill Hingol as well, which she agreed to do. She followed Hingol to the cave, which is currently the Hinglaj Mata shrine. Before he was killed, Hingol requested the goddess to name the place after him, which she granted.
Another legend is related to the caste Brahmakshatriya, who venerate Hinglaj Mata as their family deity. When the god Parashurama was persecuting kshatriyas (the warrior caste), some Brahmins (priest caste) provided protection to 12 kshatriyas and disguised them as Brahmins and they were also protected by Hinglaj Mata. This caste traces its roots to the Brhmakshatriyas. Another variation of the tale is that the sage Dadhichi provided protection to Ratnasena, a king ruling in Sind, in his ashram (hermitage). However, Parashurama killed him when he ventured out. His sons remained in the ashram. When Parashurama visited the ashram, they were disguised as Brahmins. One of them, Jayasena return to Sind to rule the kingdom, armed with a protective mantra of Hinglaj Mata, given by Dadhici. Hinglaj Mata not only protected Jayasena, but also ordered Parshurama to end his killing spree.The local Muslims also hold Hinglaj Mata in reverence and provide security to the shrine.
The annual four-day pilgrimage to the Hinglaj Mata Temple is organized every year in April.
The major ceremony in the pilgrimage occurs on the third day, when the priests of the shrine recite mantras to invoke the gods to accept the offerings brought by the pilgrims, and bless them. Offerings made by the pilgrims to the deity primarily consist of three coconuts.While some remain in Hinglaj for all four days, others make a short day trip. Pilgrimage to the site is traditionally begun from the Nanad Panthi Akhada in Karachi. The pilgrim groups are headed by a holy staff bearer called the chaadiar, authorized by the Akhada (a Hindu organization of sadhus). The sadhus (holy-men) belonging to this group are a very cohesive group of Hata yogis with ancestral genealogy of their own, and they also observe certain secret rites.
During the pilgrimage, pilgrims from all over INDIA and even abrod visit the temple, holding traditional red-coloured banners and wearing red-gold decorative head-scarves, which are associated with sanctuaries of Hindu goddesses, in this case Hinglaj Mata.